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Lightweight Materials

 

Understanding the Basics.

ByFlake Campbell

Learn about the properties, applications, and fabrication of lightweight materials such as magnesium alloys, beryllium, and titanium.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1

Introduction and Uses of Lightweight Materials

  • Today’s Lightweight Materials
  • Aluminum Alloys
  • Magnesium Alloys
  • Beryllium
  • Titanium Alloys
  • Titanium Aluminide Intermetallics
  • Engineering Plastics
  • Polymer-Matrix Composites
  • Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Structural Ceramics
  • Ceramic-Matrix Composites

CHAPTER 2

Aluminum Alloys

  • Applications
  • Aluminum Metallurgy
  • Aluminum Alloy Designation
  • Aluminum Alloys
  • Wrought Non-Heat-Treatable Alloys
  • Wrought Heat Treatable Alloys
  • Melting and Primary Fabrication
  • Rolling Plate and Sheet
  • Extrusion
  • Forging
  • Heat Treating
  • Annealing
  • Forming
  • Casting
  • Casting Alloys
  • Machining
  • Chemical Milling
  • Joining
  • Corrosion of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

CHAPTER 3

Magnesium Alloys

  • Magnesium Metallurgy
  • Magnesium Applications
  • Magnesium Alloy Designation
  • Magnesium Casting Alloys
  • Die Casting Alloys
  • Sand and Permanent Mold Casting Alloys
  • Wrought Magnesium Alloys
  • Sheet and Plate
  • Extrusions
  • Forgings
  • Forming
  • Magnesium Heat Treating
  • Joining Methods
  • Machinability
  • Magnesium Corrosion
  • Corrosion Protection of Magnesium
  • Protective Coating Systems

CHAPTER 4

Beryllium

  • Beryllium Properties and Applications
  • Beryllium Powder Production Operations
  • Powder Consolidation Methods
  • Beryllium Grades and Their Designations
  • Wrought Products and Fabrication
  • Forming Beryllium
  • Beryllium Machining
  • Beryllium Joining
  • Aluminum-Beryllium Alloys
  • Beryllium Corrosion
  • Corrosion-Protection Surface Treatments and Coatings
  • Health and Safety

CHAPTER 5

Titanium Alloys

  • Titanium Applications
  • Titanium Physical Metallurgy
  • Titanium Properties
  • Processing of Titanium and Titanium Alloys
  • Titanium Primary Fabrication
  • Titanium Secondary Fabrication
  • Titanium Powder Metallurgy
  • Directed Metal Deposition
  • Titanium Forming
  • Superplastic Forming
  • Heat Treating
  • Titanium Casting
  • Machining
  • Titanium Joining
  • Corrosion Resistance of Titanium and Titanium Alloys

CHAPTER 6

Titanium Aluminide Intermetallics

  • Titanium Aluminides
  • Alpha-2 Alloys
  • Orthorhombic Alloys
  • Gamma Alloys
  • Gamma Titanium Aluminide Applications
  • Processing Near-Gamma Alloys

CHAPTER 7

Engineering Plastics

  • General Characteristics
  • Thermosets and Thermoplastics
  • Metals versus Plastics
  • Effect of Fillers and Reinforcements
  • Temperature and Molecular Structure
  • Effect of Crystallinity
  • Effect of Viscoelasticity
  • Thermal Properties
  • Electrical Properties
  • Environmental Factors
  • Categories of Engineering Plastics and Applications
  • Plastic Fabrication Processes
  • Joining Plastics

CHAPTER 8

Polymer-Matrix Composites

  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Composite Materials
  • Applications
  • Laminates
  • Fibers
  • Product Forms
  • Matrices
  • Fabrication Processes
  • Thermoplastic Consolidation
  • Thermoforming
  • Sandwich and Cocured Structure
  • Integrally Cocured Unitized Structure
  • Machining
  • Mechanical Fastening
  • Thermoplastic Joining

CHAPTER 9

Metal-Matrix Composites

  • Applications of Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Discontinuously Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Discontinuously Reinforced Aluminum
  • Processing of Discontinuously Reinforced Aluminum
  • Processing of Discontinuously Reinforced Titanium
  • Secondary Processing of Discontinuous Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Processing of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Aluminum Composites
  • Processing of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Titanium Composites
  • Secondary Fabrication of Titanium-Matrix Composites
  • Processing of Other Metal-Matrix Composites
  • Fiber-Metal Laminates

CHAPTER 10

Structural Ceramics

  • Structural Ceramics
  • Applications for Structural Ceramics
  • Properties of Structural Ceramics
  • Toughened Ceramics
  • Design and Selection Considerations
  • Processing of Structural Ceramics
  • Joining of Ceramics

CHAPTER 11

Ceramic-Matrix Composites

  • Discontinuously Reinforced Ceramic-Matrix Composites
  • Applications for Discontinuously Reinforced Ceramic-Matrix Composites
  • Continuous Fiber Ceramic-Matrix Composites
  • Applications for Continuous Fiber Ceramic-Matrix Composites
  • Carbon-Carbon Composites
  • Applications for Carbon-Carbon Composites
  • Processing of Ceramic-Matrix Composites

CHAPTER 12

Selection Guidelines for Lightweight Materials

  • The Materials Selection Process
  • Performance Characteristics of Materials
  • Relation of Materials Selection to Manufacturing
  • Costs and Related Aspects of Materials Selection
  • Methods of Materials Selection
  • Conclusions
  • Lightweight Materials Selection
  • Lightweight Materials in the Transportation (Automotive) Industry
  • Summary

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