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Aluminum Recycling and Processing








Aluminum Recycling and Processing for Energy Conservation and Sustainability / ed. John Green


Chapter 1 Life-Cycle Engineering and Design

  • Life-Cycle Analysis Process Steps
  • Application of Life-Cycle Analysis Results
  • Case History: LCA of an Automobile Fender

Chapter 2 Sustainability—The Materials Role

  • Some History
  • The Materials Role in Industrial Ecology
  • The U.S. Government Role—Organizational
  • The U.S. Government Role—Technical
  • The Role of Professional Societies
  • Summary and Recommendations

Chapter 3 Life-Cycle Inventory Analysis of the North American Aluminum Industry

  • Life-Cycle Inventory Methodology
  • Inventory Analysis
  • Primary Aluminum Unit Processes
  • Secondary Aluminum Processing
  • Manufacturing Unit Processes
  • Results by Product System
  • Interpretation of LCI Results

Chapter 4 Life-Cycle Assessment of Aluminum: Inventory Data for the Worldwide Primary Aluminum Industry

  • Data Coverage, Reporting, and Interpretation
  • Data Quality
  • Unit Processes and Results by Process
  • Aluminum Life-Cycle Assessment with Regard to Recycling Issues

Chapter 5 Sustainable Development for the Aluminum Industry

  • Recycling
  • Perfluorocarbon Emissions
  • Fluoride Emissions
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Aluminum in Transportation
  • Natural Resources

Chapter 6 Material Flow Modeling of Aluminum for Sustainability

  • Modeling
  • Key Results

Chapter 7 Recycling of Aluminum

  • Industry and Recycling Trends
  • Recyclability of Aluminum
  • The Recycling Loop
  • Technological Aspects of Aluminum Recycling
  • Process Developments for Remelting
  • Developing Scrap Streams
  • Can Recycling Technology
  • Automobile Scrap Recycling Technology
  • Building and Construction Recycling
  • Aluminum Foil Recycling
  • Impurity Control
  • Molten Metal Handling and Safety

Chapter 8 Identification and Sorting of Wrought Aluminum Alloys

  • Sources of Aluminum Raw Material for Alloy Sorting
  • Improving Recovery for Wrought and Cast Fractions
  • Pilot Processes for Improved Wrought Recovery

Chapter 9 Emerging Trends in Aluminum Recycling

  • Objectives and Challenges
  • The Nature of Recycled Metal
  • Recycling Aluminum Aerospace Alloys
  • Alloys Designed for Recycling
  • Developing Recycling-Friendly Compositions
  • Conclusions and Looking Ahead

Chapter 10 U.S. Energy Requirements for Aluminum Production: Historical Perspective, Theoretical Limits and New Opportunities

  • Summary
  • Aluminum Production and Energy Consumption
  • Methodology, Metrics, and Benchmarks
  • Aluminum Production
  • Primary Aluminum Raw Materials
  • Primary Aluminum Production
  • Advanced Hall-Heroult Cells
  • Alternative Primary Aluminum Processes
  • Secondary Aluminum (Recycling)
  • Aluminum Processing


  • Appendix A Energy Intensity of Materials Produced in the United States
  • Appendix B Energy Values for Energy Sources and Materials
  • Appendix C Hydroelectric Distribution and Electrical Energy Values
  • Appendix D Emission Data and Calculations
  • Appendix E U.S. Energy Use by Aluminum Processing Area
  • Appendix F Theoretical Energy Data and Calculations
  • Appendix G Aluminum Heat Capacity and Heat of Fusion Data
  • Appendix H Impact of Using Different Technologies on Energy Requirements for Producing Aluminum
  • Appendix I Glossary


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