Introduction to Aluminum Alloys and Tempers








by J. Gilbert Kaufman



CHAPTER 1: Introduction: The Nature of the Problem

  • The Keys to Understanding
  • Characteristics of Wrought Aluminum Alloys
  • Characteristics of Cast Aluminum Alloys
  • Definitions for Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
  • Applications of Aluminum Alloys
  • Microscopy of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
  • Units and Unit Conversion

CHAPTER 2: Aluminum Alloy and Temper Designation Systems of the Aluminum Association

  • Wrought Aluminum Alloy Designation System
  • Cast Aluminum Alloys Designation System
  • Designations for Experimental Aluminum Alloys
  • Aluminum Alloy Temper Designation System
    • Basic Temper Designations
    • Subdivisions of the Basic Tempers
  • Summary

CHAPTER 3: Understanding Wrought and Cast Aluminum Alloys Designations

  • The Wrought Alloy Series
    • How the System is Applied
    • Principal Alloying Elements
    • Understanding Wrought Alloy Strengthening Mechanisms
    • Understanding Wrought Alloy Advantages and Limitations
    • Other Characteristics Related to Principal Alloying Element
    • Understanding Wrought Alloy Variations
    • Links to Earlier Alloy Designations
    • Unified Numbering System (UNS) Alloy Designation System for Wrought Alloys
  • The Cast Alloy Series
    • How the Current Aluminum Cast Alloy Designation System is Applied
    • Understanding Cast Alloy Strengthening Mechanisms
    • Understanding Cast Alloy Advantages and Limitations
    • Examples of the Use of Variations in Cast Alloy Designations
    • Alloys for Different Casting Processes
    • Other Characteristics Related to Composition
    • Evolution of the Aluminum Cast Alloy Designation System
    • UNS Alloy Designation System for Cast Alloys

CHAPTER 4: Understanding the Aluminum Temper Designation System

  • Tempers for Wrought Aluminum Alloys
    • Review of the Basic Tempers for Wrought Alloys
    • Subdivisions of the Basic Tempers
    • Tempers Designating Residual Stress Relief of Heat Treated Products
    • Temper Designations Identifying Modifications in Quenching
    • Designations Indicating Heat Treatment by User
    • Tempers Identifying Additional Cold Work between Quenching and Aging
    • Tempers Identifying Additional Cold Work Following Aging
    • Tempers Designating Special Corrosion-Resistant Tempers
    • Temper Designation for Special or Premium Properties
  • Tempers for Cast Aluminum Alloys
    • Review of the Basic Tempers for Cast Alloys
    • Subdivisions of the Basic Temper Types for Cast Alloys
  • Importance to Understanding Aluminum Tempers

CHAPTER 5: Understanding Aluminum Fabricating Processes

  • Ingot and Billet Casting
  • Strip and Slab Casting
  • Hot and Cold Rolling
  • Extrusion
  • Forging
  • Cast Parts
    • Permanent Mold Casting
    • Sand Casting
    • Investment Casting
    • Die Casting
  • Combinations of Casting and Forging
  • Heat Treatment of Aluminum Alloys

CHAPTER 6: Applications for Aluminum Alloys and Tempers

  • Applications by Alloy Class
    • Wrought Alloys
    • Cast Alloys
  • Applications by Market Area
    • Electrical Markets
    • Building and Construction Markets
    • Transportation Applications
    • Marine Transportation
    • Rail Transportation
    • Packaging Applications
    • Petroleum and Chemical Industry Components
    • Other Markets

CHAPTER 7: Representative Micrographs

  • Wrought Aluminum Alloys
  • Welded Wrought Aluminum Alloys
  • Brazed Joints
  • Cast Aluminum Alloys
  • Welded Cast Aluminum Alloys
  • Welded Wrought-To-Cast Alloys
  • Welded Aluminum To Steel
  • Welded Aluminum to Copper

CHAPTER 8: Selected References


Subject Index

Alloy Index

  • Cast Alloys
  • Wrought Alloys