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Introduction to Structural Aluminum Design

Discover the history, manufacture, properties and uses of structural aluminum design with this comprehensive guide. Unlock the potential of bending moments, shear force and more with this deep dive into design principles.

Introduction to Structural Aluminum Design
/By Ulrich Muller

BRIEF CONTENTS

Aluminium: the material

  • History
  • Manufacture
    • Primary production of aluminium metal
    • Secondary production, recycling of aluminium metal
  • Physical properties
    • Properties of pure aluminium
    • Uses or applications of aluminium
  • Aluminium and its alloys
    • Designation and numbering of aluminium alloys
    • Temper designations of aluminium alloys
    • Aluminium alloy series
    • Durability rating
    • Material selection
  • Aluminium products
    • Flat products
    • Extruded products
    • Tube products
  • Element fabrication
    • Sawing and cutting
    • Drilling and punching
    • Machining and forming
    • Jointing
  • Heat-affected zone softening
  • Corrosion
    • Pitting corrosion
    • Crevice corrosion
    • Intergranular corrosion
    • Exfoliation corrosion
    • Filiform corrosion
    • Stress corrosion (stress corrosion cracking)
    • Poultice corrosion
    • Galvanic corrosion
    • Corrosion prevention

Structural analysis

  • Limit state design
  • Load factors and loadings
    • Loading
    • Load factors
  • Member properties
    • Cross-sectional area
    • Location of centroid
    • Moment of inertia
    • Section moduli
    • Radius of gyration
  • Structure and element analysis
  • Deformation
  • Member actions
    • Bending moment
    • Shear force
    • Axial force
    • Support reaction
  • Finite element analysis

Serviceability limit states

  • Displacements
  • Vibrations
  • Damage

Ultimate limit states

  • Principles of ultimate limit state design
  • Design values
    • Material factors/partial safety factors
    • Load factors/load combinations
  • Failure states
    • Loss of static equilibrium
    • Loss of structural strength
    • Failure due excessive deformation of ground
    • Fatigue failure

Fatigue

  • Fatigue susceptibility
  • Design against fatigue
  • Measures to limit formation of fatigue
    • Grinding
    • Tungsten inert gas dressing (weld toe re-melting)
    • Overloading
    • Peening

Structural member design

  • Design standards: structural design codes
    • British Standard 8118 (BS 8118)
    • Eurocode 9 (BS EN 1999)
  • Symbols for structural design
  • Principle of member axes
  • Design basics
    • Classification of cross-section
    • Local buckling
    • Heat-affected zones softening
  • Tension members
  • Compression members
    • Local buckling
    • Compressive yielding
    • Member buckling
  • Flexural members
    • Bending only members
    • Bending and axial force members

Connections

  • Mechanical connections
    • Design principle
    • Load path
    • Fastener material
    • Bolt capacities
  • Welded connections
    • Load path
    • Weld types
    • Weldable aluminium alloys
    • Weld capacities
  • Bonded connections

Corrosion prevention

  • Corrosion prevention by design
    • Prevention by good detailing
    • Avoidance of bi-metallic contact
    • Avoidance of crevices
    • Design for coating
    • Maintenance
  • Corrosion prevention by surface treatment
    • Cleaning/pre-treatment
    • Coatings
    • Anodising
    • Plating

Appendices

  • Appendix 1 Tables of dimensions and properties
  • Appendix 2 Types of butt weld joint

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