- an integrated discussion of scrap recovery and re-melting operations
- includes economic as well as technical elements of recycling.
Important topics include:
- a discussion of the scrap aluminum marketplace
- how secondary aluminum is collected and sorted
- the design and operation of furnaces for melting scrap
- the refining of molten aluminum
- the recovery and processing of dross from re-melting operations.
The book has been updated throughout to include the most up-to-date information.
The Handbook has proven to be helpful to plant designers and operators for engineering and production of aluminium recycling plants. The book deals with aluminium as a material and its recovery from bauxite, the various process steps and procedures, melting and casting plants, metal treatment facilities, provisions and equipment for environmental control and workforce safety, cold and hot recycling of aluminium including scrap preparation and remelting, operation and plant management. Due to more and more stringent regulations for environmental control and fuel efficiency as well as quality requirements sections about salt slag recycling, oxy-fuel heating and heat treatment processes are now incorporated in this edition. The reader is thus provided with a detailed overview of the technology of aluminium recycling.
The Handbook of Aluminum: Vol. 1: Physical Metallurgy and Processes covers all aspects of the physical metallurgy, analytical techniques, and processing of aluminium, including hardening, annealing, aging, property prediction, corrosion, residual stress and distortion, welding, casting, forging, molten metal processing, machining, rolling, and extrusion. It also features an extensive, chapter-length consideration of quenching.
This reference provides thorough and in-depth coverage of the latest production and processing technologies encountered in the aluminum alloy industry, discussing current analytical methods for aluminum alloy characterization as well as extractive metallurgy, smelting, master alloy formation, and recycling.
The Handbook of Aluminum: Volume 2 examines environmental pollution and toxicity in each stage of aluminum alloy production and metal processing, illustrates microstructure evolution modeling, and describes work hardening, recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. The authors cover potential applications of various aluminum intermetallics, recent surface modification techniques, and types and causes of aluminum alloy corrosion.
Aluminum Alloy Castings: Properties, Processes and Applications / J. Gilbert Kaufman & Elwin L. Rooy – American Foundry Society – ASM International – 2004
Aluminum Alloy Castings provides property and performance data for all types of aluminum alloy castings and reviews and describes the factors that contribute to and affect those properties, including:
- casting process
- heat treatment and
- quality assurance.
The volume features extensive collections of property and performance data, including previously unpublished aging response curves, growth curves, and fatigue curves. These data are presented in consistent formats to enable easy comparisons among different alloys and tempers. The authors have endeavored to address all of the casting process technologies available for aluminum alloys. Engineering information is included for expendable mold, permanent mold, and pressure die casting processes and their variations. The focus of the process coverage is to review the effects of process selection and process variables on casting properties and performance. Representative examples of aluminum castings applications are provided. This book will be of significant value to materials and design engineers involved in the evaluation, selection and specification of aluminum casting applications and to casting producers as a means of better understanding, quantifying, improving, and promoting the performance characteristics of aluminum castings.
Many of the common types of casting defects encountered in the production of aluminum alloy castings are presented. These defects are categorized by production method:
- permanent mold
- high pressure diecasting
- low pressure
- lost foam.
Possible causes and, in some cases, prevention techniques are listed.
The material is presented in an easy-to-review format suitable for:
- foundry floor operators, as well as
- process engineers
- metallurgists and
- quality control personnel.
- provides a comprehensive visual atlas of the more common casting defects encountered by aluminium base foundry personnel
- provides a tool for quick identification
- can also be used to address possible causes and to establish corrective actions.
(Ed. D. Scott MacKenzie, George E. Totten – 2006)
This one-of-a-kind reference examines conventional and advanced methodologies for the quantitative evaluation of properties and characterization of microstructures in metals. It presents methods for uncovering valuable information including:
- precipitate mechanisms
- crystallographic orientation
- the effects of thermo-mechanical processing
- residual stress.
- Atlas of Aluminum Microstructures / G. Van der Voort
- Thermal Analysis of Aluminum Alloys / C. Garcia-Cordovilla and E. Louis
- X-Ray Diffraction Analysis of the Microstructure of Precipitating Aluminum-Based Alloys / E.J. Mittemeijer
- Electron Backscatter Diffraction of Aluminum Alloys; D.P. Field and M. Kumar
- Microscopy and Microspectroscopy of Aluminum and Ferrous Alloys and Their Surface Treatments / C.R. Clayton, G.P. still, and P. gum
- Image Processing for Fault Detection in Aluminum Castings; D. Mery, D. Filbert. and T. Jaeger
This practical guide to product and process engineering of various aluminum castings emphasizes process and material characteristics; product-process-alloy integration; manufacturing aspects of aluminum casting; product design features; tooling design, feeding and gating design; product quality needs and specifications; product launches; and successful conversions of aluminum from steel and iron. This book is intended to be a standard guide for practical foundry personnel in aluminum die casting, gravity permanent mold casting, and low pressure permanent mold casting. It is also a beneficial reference for casting buyers and students specializing in metal casting technology. It includes extensive examples, tables, and practical guidelines and links functionality and manufacturability, benefiting both product designers and casting process engineers.
Extrusion of Aluminium Alloys by T. Sheppard
Includes the chapters:
- Continuum principles
- Metallurgical features affecting the extrusion of aluminium alloys
- Extrusion processing
- Homogenization and extrusion conditions for specific aluminium alloys
- Processing of 6XXX alloys
- Plant utilization
- Learn more about the aluminum extrusion process
- Discover how to optimize your profile designs
- Find technical information on alloys, finishes, tolerances, etc.
- Get inspiration from the many application examples
Aluminum Extrusion Technology /Pradip K. Saha - ASM International - 2000
- architecture and the manufacture of small machine components
- structural and engineering assemblies
- and aircraft.
Provides practical references and reviews important theoretical concepts in the different areas of extrusion technology. This work is intended for technical and engineering personnel^
- plant managers
- process and quality control managers
- cast house managers
- die shop managers
- research and development managers
- research students in manufacturing.
Topics are presented with a balanced coverage of the relevant fundamentals and real-world practices so as to provide the reader with an in-depth understanding of the important interrelationships between the many technical and physical factors involved in the field of aluminum extrusion, as well as to explain how engineering science impacts the practical considerations.
This book presents comprehensive coverage of the corrosion behavior of aluminum and aluminum alloys, with emphasis on practical information about how to select and process these materials in order to prevent corrosion attack.
Described are the characteristics of these materials and the influences on their corrosion of:
- mechanical working
- heat treatment
- joining methods
- microstructure, and
- environmental variables.
Designed for use by practicing engineers, and maintenance and operating personnel, who are concerned with the problem of corrosion of aluminum in their daily job functions.
Corrosion of Aluminium, Second Edition, highlights the practical and general aspects of the corrosion of aluminium alloys. Chapters help readers new to the topic understand the metallurgical, chemical and physical features of aluminium alloys. Author Christian Vargel adopts a practitioner styled approach that is based on the expertise he has gained during a 40-year career in aluminium corrosion. The book assesses the corrosion resistance of aluminium, a key metric recognized as one of the main conditions for the development of many uses of aluminium in transport, construction, power transmission, and more.
- Features 600 bibliographic references, providing a comprehensive guide to over 100 years of related study
- Includes numerous illustrations to enhance study
- Presents practical applications across many industries
- Provides an accessible reference for both beginners and experts
This book addresses the need for basic information on aluminum alloys and their tempers. The author provides the reader with an understanding of the advantages and limitations of aluminum alloy and temper combinations in terms of the relationship of their composition, process history, and microstructure to service requirements. The temper designation of an aluminum alloy provides the user with background information as to how the alloy has been produced in order to obtain specific and desired properties and characteristics. Since aluminum alloys offer an excellent combination of light weight, high-strength, great corrosion resistance, and reasonable cost, they have become one of the most commonly used metal groups today.
– The Nature of the Problem
– The Aluminum Association Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Wrought and Cast Aluminum
– Understanding of the Alloy Designation System (both wrought and aluminum alloys)
– Understanding of the Temper Designation System (tempers for both wrought and cast aluminum alloys)
– Understanding Aluminum Fabrication Processes (ingot and billet casting, slab and strip casting, rolling, extrusion, forging, casting parts)
– Applications for Aluminum Alloys and Tempers (by alloy class, by market area)
– Catalog of Representative Photomicrographs
Aluminum-Silicon Casting Alloys: Atlas of Microstructures by ASM International
The Aluminum-Silicon Casting Alloys: Atlas of Microstructures provides any engineer or researcher who works with aluminum castings with a practical and substantive tool for the visual analysis of the microscopic images of the microstructure of the aluminum casting alloys, as examined during routine laboratory procedures. The gallery of microstructure images presented in the Atlas has been selected and put in a systematic order with two main goals in mind:
- Help the reader who has an image of an alloy microstructure identify the examined alloy in a gallery of standard casting Al-Si alloys
- Help the reader to identify the typical microstructure of an alloy based on its estimated cooling rate.
Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys (Manufacturing Engineering and Materials Processing)
Details the possible microstructural developments that can occur with hot deformation of various alloys, as well as the kind of mechanical properties that can be anticipated. The authors take great care to explain and differentiate hot working in the context of other elevated temperature phenomena, such as creep, superplasticity, cold working, and annealing. They also pay particular attention to the fundamental mechanisms of aluminum plasticity at hot working temperatures.
Using extensive analysis derived from:
- polarized light optical microscopy (POM)
- transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
- x-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron-microscopy with electron backscatter imaging (SEM-EBSD)
- orientation imaging microscopy (OIM).
Examine the microstructures that evolve in:
Further microstructural analysis leads to detailed explanations of:
- dynamic recovery (DRV)
- static recovery (SRV)
- discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (dDRX)
- discontinuous static recrystallization (dSRX)
- grain defining dynamic recovery (gDRV) (formerly geometric dynamic recrystallization, or gDRX)
- continuous dynamic recrystallization involving both a single phase (cDRX/1-phase) and multiple phases (cDRX/2-phase).
A companion to other works that focus on modeling, manufacturing involving plastic and superplastic deformation, and control of texture and phase transformations, this book provides thorough explanations of microstructural development to lay the foundation for further study of the mechanisms of thermomechanical processes and their application.
Offering one of the field’s most thorough treatments of material design principles, including a concise overview of fastener design, the Handbook of Mechanical Alloy Design provides an extensive overview of the effects of alloy compositional design on expected mechanical properties.
This reference highlights the design elements that must be considered in risk-based metallurgical design and covers alloy design for a broad range of materials, including the increasingly important powder metal and metal matrix alloys. It discusses the design issues associated with carbon, alloy, and tool steels, microalloyed steels, and more. The Handbook of Mechanical Alloy Design is a must-have reference.
This book contains the latest insights on aluminum and extrusion technology, including design advice, choosing the right alloys, as well as everything on surface treatments and tolerances, corrosion, joints, machining, strength calculations and much more.